Historic Site of the Month
Brandy Station and Cedar Mountain
On July 1, 2023, coming to a Virginia landscape near Culpeper, the Culpeper Battlefields State Park will open in Virginia. The battles of Cedar Mountain in 1862, and the cavalry Battle of Brandy Station one year later as the armies moved toward Gettysburg, are finally getting the historic nod they deserve. In February 2022, the push by the Civil War Trust and other organizations for a Virginia State Battlefield Park come to pass.
Whether it be coercion or agreement and in a decade prior to both the Indian Removal Act or the subsequent Trail of Tears that ripped the remainder of most of the Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River and transplanted them in the western territories, the tribe of the Georgia Creek would be on the move. Four years earlier, on January 8, 1821, the First Treaty of Indian Springs, or the Treaty with the Creeks, had been completed between the Muscogee Creek and the United States. They'd given up four million three hundred thousand acres east of the Flint River in exchange for $200,000, to be paid in installments over fourteen years, as well as pay claims made by Georgia citizens which totaled $250,000 (only $100,000 was eventually paid). Then on February 12, 1825, the Creek Indian tribe give up their last lands to the United States government, leading to their move west.
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Largest Art Theft in History
The largest art theft in U.S. history occurs in Boston, Massachusetts, when two thieves posing as policemen abscond more than one dozen works of art worth an estimated $100-200 million from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum on March 18, 1990. The art has still not been recovered or the thieves caught.
Spotlight on Lesser Known History
Forts of Oswego, Fort Ontario
There were three forts in Oswego, New York built to defend the area by the British. The original Fort Oswego on the western side of the Oswego River, Fort George, an outer work of Fort Oswego also on the western side, and Fort Ontario, on the east. Only one is still there as a magnificent New York State Historic Site, and that is Fort Ontario. Fort Oswego has a couple plaques on a downtown street, a bit meager considering its importance, but alas, at least they've got some. Fort George has two interpretive signs in Montcalm City Park. In 1756, the French attacked all three forts in a land attack and bombardment. Fort Ontario was the only one rebuilt by the British in 1759, and that's a treasure to visit.
It had been a long time coming, but would not, in many ways, solve the basic problem or problems between Indian affairs and the way the government of the United States, or the states themselves, treated the Indian tribe populations through agreed treaties or harsh settlements. There had been agencies to deal with Indian issues since the Second Continental Congress in 1775, however, these, too, had proved ineffective. The Office of Indian Trade was established in 1806, inside the War Department, to control and regulate the fur trade through the factory system and licensing. It lasted until 1822. The Bureau of Indian Affairs is established in 1824 by the United States War Department. This department is meant to regulate trade with Indian tribes.
Minute Walk in History
Antietam National Battlefield
It's a Minute or More Walk in History around the entire battlefield, from the Cornfield where the men of both sides walked through, many times to their demise, to the Sunken Road, Burnside Bridge, and then the Emancipation Proclamation that a thin Union victory allowed President Lincoln to make after the battle in Sharpsburg, Maryland.
Timeline of the Month
Immigrants streamed into the halls of Ellis Island in the shadow of the Statue of Liberty, they crossed the nation, growing the cities of the east coast, taking part in land rushes, and adding to the experiment that was the United States of America. Businesses grew, basketball was invented, and oil was discovered.
Staff Notes - New content on the way, including more pop out details in our American History Timeline section and our increasing series of 1 to 2 Minute Walk in History Videos. We also wanted to thank our readers for pushing America's Best History to new viewer heights. Since we started, over 14.5 million people have checked us out. Thanks!!!!
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Historic Site News and Info
Even in these difficult times, work continues on preserving the battlefields of the Civil War, American Revolution, and the War of 1812. The amazing work of the Battlefields Trust is currently attempting to preserve land at Gaines Mill and Cold Harbor, what some think is the most important land to be preserved at those locations. Check them out.
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